Volume 3, Issue 4
A. S. Luchnikov — Perm State National Research University (Perm, Russian Federation)
R. S. Nikolaev — Perm State National Research University (Perm, Russian Federation)
Modern economic development of the territories requires its comprehensive studies and analysis whereby methods of different sciences. Human geography is one of the most useful for it. In this article, the geographical model of the supporting framework of economy as a constructive tool in regional economic policy is considered. It has a linear-nodal structure and includes key elements of the economic development of the territories, among which are large urban agglomerations (economic nodes and local clusters), economic centers, as well as lines of material and intangible links between the basic elements of the economy. It is suggested that due to its universality and generalization, the economic framework allows determining the main features of the territorial organization of the economy, to indicate its shortcomings and advantages, to outline the points or areas of implementation of large investment projects and so on.
On the example of the regions of the Volga Federal district, and in particular the Permskiy krai, the main territorial problems of the development of their economy are demonstrated: hypertrophied by uncharacteristic functions centers (regional capitals), weak regional periphery, lack of sufficient transport, marketing, production and other connectivity between different elements economy for the development of a large domestic consumer market and insufficient representation of modern types of innovative and investment infrastructure. A particular problem of the region’s economy is the limited accessibility of some of its territories and the impossibility to build the shortest routes between disparate centers and nodes, which reduces the productivity of labor and the competitiveness of manufactured goods and services.
Based on the indication of these problems in the territorial organization of the economy and on the basis of the model of the supporting framework, possible directions for their solution are presented.
Keywords: territorial organization of regional economy, supporting framework of economy, linear-nodal structure, hypertrophied economic node, distribution functions between economic elements, transport connectivity of regional economy
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