Facilities connectivity in eastern regions of China and Russia and the “Belt and Road” initiative

Volume 5, Issue 3
Pages: 144—150

X. Zhang — Northeast Asian Studies, Heilongjiang Provincial Academy of Social Sciences (Harbin, China)

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Enhancement of facilities connectivity and construction of the necessary infrastructure is an important element of the “Belt and Road” Initiative. The lack of facilities connectivity is seen as a major impediment to the development of Sino-Russian trade and other spheres of cooperation between the two countries.
This paper provides an overview of the current approaches to the concept of facilities connectivity in the context of Sino-Russian cooperation within the framework of the “Belt and Road” initiative. The author examines the progress in the construction of transport infrastructure aimed at improving the facilities connectivity in China’s and Russia’s eastern regions over the past five years. A specific focus is made on such large-scale projects as the construction of China-Mongolia-Russia economic corridor, the construction of bridges (for example, Tongjiang Railway Bridge and Heilongjiang Bridge), the construction of the Harbin-Russia International Freight Line and so on.
The case of Heilongjiang Province in China is described in the article to illustrate the benefits of the “Belt and Road” initiative for regions along the border of China and Russia. Greater facilities connectivity and establishment of cross-border economic cooperation zones are expected to enhance the economic prosperity of these regions.
The author proposes recommendations regarding further development of the railway and other transport connections between Russia and China and shows how these improvements could help both countries to efficiently meet the goals of the “Belt and Road” initiative and achieve mutually beneficial results.

Keywords: China; Russia; Far East; Belt and Road; facilities connectivity

DOI:  https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2019.5.3.015

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In Russian:

С. Чжан — Институт североазиатских исследований, Академия социальных наук провинции Хэйлунцзян (Харбин, Китай)

Транспортная инфраструктура в восточных регионах Китая и России и инициатива «Один пояс, один путь»

Расширение возможностей соединения объектов и создание необходимой инфраструктуры является важным элементом инициативы «Один пояс, один путь». Отсутствие связи между объектами рассматривается как серьезное препятствие на пути развития китайско-российской торговли и других сфер сотрудничества между двумя странами.
В данной статье дается обзор современных подходов к концепции соединения объектов в контексте китайско-российского сотрудничества в рамках инициативы «Один пояс, один путь». Автор рассматривает прогресс в строительстве транспортной инфраструктуры, направленной на улучшение связности объектов в восточных регионах Китая и России за последние пять лет. Особое внимание уделяется таким масштабным проектам, как строительство экономического коридора Китай-Монголия-Россия, строительство мостов (например, железнодорожного моста Тунцзян и моста Хэйлунцзян), строительство международной грузовой линии Харбин-Россия и пр.
Пример провинции Хэйлунцзян в Китае описан в статье, чтобы проиллюстрировать преимущества инициативы «Один пояс, один путь» для пограничных регионов Китая и России. Ожидается, что расширение возможностей соединения объектов и создание трансграничных зон экономического сотрудничества повысят экономическое процветание этих регионов.
Автор предлагает рекомендации по дальнейшему развитию железнодорожного и других транспортных связей между Россией и Китаем и показывает, как эти улучшения могут помочь обеим странам достичь взаимовыгодных результатов.

Ключевые слова: Китай; Россия; Дальний Восток; Пояс и Дорога; связность объектов

© X. Zhang