Innovative potential in the small and medium-sized enterprises regional clusters in Russia

Volume 3, Issue 3
Pages: 139—148

I.V. Korchagina
 —  Kemerovo State University (Kemerovo, Russian Federation)

Download full text

Accelerated development of small and medium-sized enterprises is necessary for dynamic regional growth. The fastest growth of small and medium-sized enterprises takes place in clusters. However, clusters of small and medium-sized enterprises are usually engaged in the simplest activities, do not implement innovations. The purpose of the article is to identify and evaluate the innovative potential of existing clusters of small and medium-sized enterprises in the regions of Russia.
A research method is the comparative analysis, trend and index analysis, case-method, methods of statistical information processing. The study found a low level of innovation activity in clusters of small and medium-sized enterprises. Their impact on the qualitative development of the regional economy is severely limited. The main reason is weak internal innovation potential and lack of integration with innovation generators. Technological entrepreneurship is developing poorly. The size of the cluster of small and medium-sized enterprises is insufficient to form the infrastructure and elements of the innovation system.
Innovative institutions can be formally included in the cluster, but there is no real interaction. Consequently, existing clusters of small and medium-sized enterprises solve only a limited number of specific tasks. Objective advantages of the cluster (positive effects of territorial concentration, diffusion of innovations, collective interactions) need to be complemented by elements of a regional innovation system. The development of the innovative potential of clusters of small and medium-sized enterprises requires interaction with the research and development sector, development institutions, the state, and public organizations. In addition, specific support is required for innovative activity of clusters of small and medium-sized enterprises. Under these conditions, clusters of small and medium-sized enterprises can positively affect the quality of economic growth in the territories.

Keywords: regional cluster, cluster of small and medium-sized enterprises, entrepreneurship, technological development, cluster policy, innovation, innovation potential.



  1. Turgel’, I.D. & Vlasova, N.Ju. (2016). Territorial’noe planirovanie razvitija gorodov v RF: osnovnye jetapy formirovanija [Territorial planning of urban development in the Russian Federation: the main stages of formation]. Municipalitet: jekonomika i upravlenie [Municipality: Economics and Management], 1, 5–15.
  2. Dvorjadkina, E.B. (2016). Novaja industrializacija i mestnoe samoupravlenie [New industrialization and local self-government] Novaja industrializacija: mirovoe, nacional’noe, regional’noe izmerenie: Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii [New industrialization: global, national, regional dimension: Materials of the international scientific and practical conference]. Ekaterinburg: Publishing house of the Ural State Economic University, 100–103.
  3. Yoshino, Y. (2011). Industrial clusters and micro and small enterprises in Africa: From survival to growth. Directions in development. World Bank.
  4. Tambunan, T. (2005). Promoting small and medium enterprises with a clustering approach: A policy experience from Indonesia. Journal of Small Business Management, 43: 2, 138–154.
  5. Tambunan, T. (2009). Export‐oriented small and medium industry clusters in Indonesia. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy. 3:1, 25–58.
  6. Navickas, V & Malakauskaite, A. (2009). The impact of clusterization on the development of small and medium‐sized enterprise (SME) sector. Journal of Business Economics and Management, 10:3, 255–259.
  7. Ogechukwu, A.D. & Oboreh, J.S. & Umukoro F. (2013). Small and medium scale enterprises in Nigeria the marketing interface. Global Journal of Management and Business Research Marketing. 13:9, 1–12.
  8. Medvedeva, S.A. (2010). Innovacionnyj potencial predprijatija: slozhnost’ opredelenija i osnovnye osobennosti [The innovative potential of the enterprise: the complexity of the definition and the main features]. Kreativnaja jekonomika [Creative economics], 10, 35–39.
  9. Sosunova, L.A. & Markova, O.V. (2014). Koncepcija upravlenija innovacionnym potencialom mezojekonomicheskoj sistemy [The concept of managing the innovative potential of the mesoeconomic system]. Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo jekonomicheskogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Samara State University of Economics], 9, 96–101.
  10. Babkin, A.V. & Moshkov, A.A. (2013). Upravlenie innovacionnym potencialom integrirovannyh promyshlennyh struktur [Management of innovative potential of integrated industrial structures]. Izvestija Sankt-Peterburgskogo gosudarstvennogo jekonomicheskogo universiteta [Proceedings of the St. Petersburg State University of Economics], 6, 45–53.
  11. Antipin, I.A. (2017). Regional’nye klastery malyh i srednih predprijatij Rossijskoj Federacii: osobennosti formirovanija i tendencii razvitija [Regional clusters of small and medium-sized enterprises of the Russian Federation: features of formation and development trends]. Jekonomika i predprinimatel’stvo [Economics and Entrepreneurship], 1, 266–271.
  12. Ratner, S.V. & Akinina, M.M. (2011). Metodika ocenki innovacionnogo potenciala kompanij regional’nogo neftegazovogo klastera (na primere Krasnojarskogo kraja) [Methodology for assessing the innovative potential of companies in the regional oil and gas cluster (based on the example of the Krasnoyarsk Territory)] Jekonomicheskij analiz: teorija i praktika [Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice], 4, 2–9.
  13. Maticiuc, M. (2015). The complex relation between clusters and innovation in European Union. Ecoforum, 4:2, 99–103.
  14. Dhakal, S.P. (2013). The innovation potential of living-labs to strengthen small and medium enterprises in regional Australia. Australasian Journal of Regional Studies. 19:3, 457–474.
  15. Ausloos, M. (2017) Exploring how innovation strategies at time of crisis influence performance: a cluster analysis perspective. Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 26:1, 1–14.
  16. Animica, E.G. & Vlasova N.Ju. (2010). Chelovecheskij faktor v razvitii krupnejshih gorodov [Human factor in the development of major cities]. Upravlenec [Manager], 7-8, 13–16.
  17. Silin, Ja.P. & Animica, E.G. & Novikova N.V. (2016) «Novaja normal’nost’« v rossijskoj jekonomike: regional’naja specifika [«New Normality» in the Russian Economy: Regional Specificity]. Jekonomika regiona [Economy of the region], 12:3, 714–725.
  18. Surnina, N.M. & Shishkina, E.A. (2013). Razvitie metodologii regional’nogo strategicheskogo planirovanija: povyshenie soglasovannosti i rezul’tativnosti [Development of a methodology for regional strategic planning: increasing coherence and effectiveness]. Upravlenec [Manager], 1, 56–63.