Significance of drone technology for achievement of the United Nations sustainable development goals

Volume 4, Issue 3
Pages: 115—120

H. Kitonsa —
Ural Federal University (Yekaterinburg, Russia)
S. V. Kruglikov —
Ural Federal University (Yekaterinburg, Russia)

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The drone technology, which originated in military applications, is now widely used for commercial, professional, industrial and private purposes. Applications of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), commonly known as ‘drones’, include different sectors of economy, for example, agriculture, transport, infrastructure, entertainment, and telecommunications. Not only are drones eco-friendly gadgets that allow to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide emissions, but they are also time- and cost-efficient. Thus, drones can prove to be a major force for good as they hold massive potential for being used to meet the sustainable development goals (SDGs) set by the United Nations Organization and adopted in 2015. Developing countries, for instance those of Sub-Saharan Africa, are facing famine, epidemic diseases, poverty and other challenges. All these problems can be addressed with the help of the drone technology.
The main objective of this paper is to identify the sectors that are most likely to be influenced by the drone technology and to highlight the scenarios in which this technology can influence the achievement of the SDGs. One of the most promising spheres in this respect is the usage of drones as delivery vehicles in agriculture, e-commerce, and health care. Moreover, drones can be effective for monitoring and surveillance in international and domestic law enforcement, wildlife preservation and scientific research.

Keywords: drone technology, unmanned aerial vehicles, sustainable development goals, United Nations, agricultural drones, drone applications, drone risks

DOI:  https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2018.4.3.016

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In Russian:

Х. Китонса — Уральский федеральный университет (Екатеринбург, Россия)
С. В. Кругликов — Уральский федеральный университет (Екатеринбург, Россия)

Значимость технологии дронов в достижении целей устойчивого развития ООН 

Технология беспилотных летательных аппаратов, созданная военными, в настоящее время широко используется в коммерческих, профессиональных, промышленных и частных целях. Беспилотные летательные аппараты (БПЛА), широко известные как «дроны», используются в различных секторах экономики, например, сельском хозяйстве, транспорте, инфраструктуре, развлечениях и телекоммуникациях. Дроны не только экологичны и позволяют сократить количество выбросов углекислого газа, но они также экономичны в терминах времени и финансовых затрат. Таким образом, беспилотные летательные аппараты могут оказаться серьезной силой, поскольку они обладают огромным потенциалом для использования в целях достижения целей устойчивого развития (SDG), установленных Организацией Объединенных Наций и принятых в 2015 году. Развивающиеся страны, например, страны, расположенные к югу от Сахары, сталкиваются с голодом, эпидемическими заболеваниями, нищетой и другими проблемами. Все эти проблемы можно решить с помощью технологии беспилотных летательных аппаратов.
Основная цель этой статьи — выявить сектора, на которые, скорее всего, повлияет технология беспилотных летательных аппаратов, и выделить сценарии, в которых эта технология может повлиять на достижение целей устойчивого развития. Одной из наиболее перспективных сфер в этом отношении является использование дронов в качестве средств доставки в сельском хозяйстве, электронной торговле и здравоохранении. Более того, беспилотные летательные аппараты могут быть эффективными для мониторинга и наблюдения в международных и внутренних правоохранительных органах, охране дикой природы и научных исследованиях.

Ключевые слова: беспилотная техника, беспилотные летательные аппараты, цели устойчивого развития, Организация Объединенных Наций, сельскохозяйственные беспилотные летательные аппараты, применение беспилотных летательных аппаратов,