Volume 3, Issue 1

L. L. Bozhko

Pages: 111
Authors:  L. L. Bozhko — Rudny Industrial Institute (Rudny, the Republic of Kazakhstan)
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2017.3.1.001

Download full text

The objectives of the study are to identify the role of single-industry towns (also known as “monotowns”) in the economic development of the Republic of Kazakhstan, to determine the specific features of monotowns and to assess the effectiveness of government program documents aimed at supporting these entities.

A number of research methods were used, including logical, systematic, structural-functional, comparative analysis, statistical and index methods, economic forecasting and sociological surveys. Using these methods in combination allowed the researcher to consider the phenomena and processes, the dynamics and development, thus providing evidence as to the reliability of the conclusions obtained.

As a result of this study, distinctive features of the socio-economic development of monotowns in the Republic of Kazakhstan were revealed. In addition, an evaluation was made of the main program documents aimed at supporting the development of monotowns; and the factors affecting their further development were identified. Proposals have been made in this study with regard to best ways in which to improve the monotown management systems both in terms of improving the program documents and in developing new evaluation tools.

The principal novel feature of this study is the identification of the main trends in the development of monotowns in the Republic of Kazakhstan. These trends reveal that, although monotowns do play an important role in the economy of the country, they also tend to develop in extremely uneven and inconsistent ways and are characterized by having weak economic diversification and a strong dependence on the town-forming enterprises, with these enterprises mainly being mining companies. The recommendations in this study are based on the need to improve both the administrative and economic methods used for the state regulation of monotowns. During this study, the feasibility of making adjustments in the current development programs aimed at supporting monotowns and the consistency of development programs were considered.

Keywords: monotown, governmental program, development specifics, support tools, town-forming enterprises, development strategy, regional development program, economic and social development, development tools, indicators

Show references

1. Nurlanova, N. K. (Ed.). (2014). Monogoroda Kazahstana: metodicheskie osnovy otsenki sostoyaniya i napravleniya razvitiya [Monotowns of Kazakhstan: methodological basics to assess the state and direction of development]. Almaty: Institut ekonomiki KN MON RK [Institute of Economics Committee of science, Ministry of education and science of the RK], 254.
2. Dmitriev, A. V. & Sleptsov, N. S. (2004). Konflikty migratsii [Migration conflicts]. Moscow: Alfa, 224.
3. Mezhevich, M. N. (1978). Territorial’naya obshchnost’ lyudej i sotsial’noe razvitie v usloviyah sotsializma [Territorial unity of people and social development in socialism’s conditions]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological studies], 3, 29–38.
4. Akhiezer, A. S. (1989). Kachestvo gorodskoj sredy kak faktor intensifikatsii progressa [Urban environmental quality as a factor of progress intensifying]. In G.M. Lappo & T.V. Bochkarev (Eds.), Problemy kachestva gorodskoj sredy [Issues of urban environmental quality]. Moscow: Nauka.
5. Dridze, T. M. (1996). Sotsial’no-diagnosticheskoe issledovanie goroda [Socio-diagnostic study of city]. Vestnik Rossijskogo gumanitarnogo nauchnogo fonda [Bulletin of Russian humanities research foundation], 1, 95–103.
6. Tatarkin, A. I. et al. (Eds.). (2011). Ekonomicheskoe prostranstvo: teoriya i realii [Economic space: theory and realities]. Moscow: Economika, 374.
7. Animitsa, E. G., Bochko, V. S. & Peshina, E. V. (2010). Kontseptual’nye podhody k razrabotke strategii razvitiya monoprofil’nogo goroda [Conceptual approaches to strategic development of a monoprofile town]. Yekaterinburg: Ural state economic university, 81.
8. Dinius, O. J. (2011). Company Towns in the Americas. Landscape, Power, and Working-Class. University of Georgia Press, 241.
9. Hollander, J. & Németh, J. (2011). The bounds of smart decline: a foundational theory for planning shrinking cities. Housing and Policy Debate, 21(3), 349–367.
10. Schilling, J. & Logan, J. (2008). Greening the rust belt: A green infrastructure model for right sizing America’s shrinking cities. Journal of the American Planning Association, 74(4), 451–466.
11. Martinez-Fernandez, C., Pallagst, K., & Wiechmann, T. (2013). Shrinking Cities: International Perspectives and Policy Implications. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis., 334.
12. Xui, L. (1999). Sravnitel’noe issledovanie modelej innovatsionnogo razvitiya staropromyshlennyh regionov KNR i stran byvshego SSSR [Comparative research of innovative development models of the old industrial PRC and the former USSR countries]. In North-East Asia academic forum (Symposium special issue). Paper presented at North-Eastern Asian academic forum, Harbin university of commerce, Harbin (pp. 50–57). Harbin: Harbin university of commerce
13. Alpysbaeva, S. N., Kuchukova, N. K., Pritvorova, T. P., Mukashev, T. A. et al. (2003). Ustojchivoe sotsial’no-ekonomicheskoe razvitie regiona: metodologiya i praktika [Sustainable regional socio-economic development: methodology and practice]. Astana: Parasat-Elemi, 408
14. Nurlanova, N. K. & Brimbetova, N. Zh. (Eds.). (2014). Regional’naya politika Kazahstana: teoriya i praktika [Regional policy of Kazakhstan: theory and practice]. Almaty: Institut ekonomiki KN MON RK [Institute of Economics Committee of science, Ministry of education and science of the RK], 288.
R-Economy Vol. 3, Issue 1, 2017
15. Kogan, L. B. (2010). Urbanologiya i gorodskaya politika: ot osoznaniya k znaniyu [Urbanology and urban policy: from perception to knowledge]. Moscow, 225
16. Limonov, L. E. (2004). Krupnyj gorod: regulirovanie territorial’nogo razvitiya i investitsionnye strategii [Large city: regulating territorial development and investment strategies]. SPb.: Nauka, 270.
17. Resin, V. I. & Popkov, Yu. S. (2000). Razvitie bol’shih gorodov v usloviyah perekhodnoj ekonomiki (sistemnyj podhod) [Development of big cities in transition economy (system approach)]. M.: Editorial URSS, 328.
18. Saiko, E. V. (1995). Gorod kak osobyj organizm i faktor sotsiokul’turnogo razvitiya [City as a special organism and a factor of socio-cultural development]. In: E. V. Saiko (Ed.), City as a socio-cultural phenomenon of historical process [Gorod kak sociokul’turnoe yavlenie istoricheskogo processa] (pp. 9–21). Moscow: Nauka.
19. Davankov, A. Yu. (2009). Nauchno-metodicheskie osnovy obespecheniya samodostatochnosti malyh gorodov [Methodological fundamentals to keep self-dependency of small towns]. Preprint. Ekaterinburg: Institut ekonomiki UrO RAN, 77
20. Neshchadin, A. A. & Gorin, N. I. (2001). Fenomen goroda: sotsial’no-ekonomicheskij analiz [City phenomenon: socio-economic analysis]. Moscow: Izograf, 239
21. Alekseyev, Yu. P., Gaponenko, A. G. & Alisov, A. N. (1995). Munitsipal’nyj i regional’nyj menedzhment [Municipal and regional management]. Moscow, 254
22. Leksin, V. N. & Shvetsov, A. N. (2000). Gosudarstvo i regiony: Teoriya i praktika gosudarstvennogo regulirovaniya territorial’nogo razvitiya [State and regions: Theory and practice of state regulation of territorial development]. Moscow: URSS, 368.
23. Turgel, I. D., Bozhko, L. L. & Xui, L. (2016). Gosudarstvennaya podderzhka razvitiya monogorodov Rossii i Kazahstana [State support of monotowns’ development in Russia and Kazakhstan]. Vestnik Finansovogo universiteta [Bulletin of Financial university], 2 (92), 22–33.
24. Bozhko, L. L. & Leskova, L. G. (2015). Sovershenstvovanie metodologicheskih podhodov k upravleniyu razvitiem monogorodov v Respublike Kazahstan [Improvement of methodological approaches to monotowns’ development management in the Republic of Kazakhstan]. Munitsipalitet: ekonomika i upravlenie [Municipality: economics and management], 3, 16–26.

S. G. Piyankova

Pages: 1222
Authors:  S. G. Piyankova — Ural State University of Economics (Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation)
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2017.3.1.002

Download full text

In this paper, the author has made a comprehensive analysis of a number of Russian studies devoted to single-industry towns, categorizing them according to their contribution to theoretical knowledge as well as their methods and methodology. Common features in these papers have been identified, including those establishing the criteria for classifying a city as a single-industry one and estimating the number of such cities in the Russian Federation in terms of their socio-economic status. Methods for assessing the socio-economic development of single-industry towns and directions for their development are proposed.

Having summarized existing theoretical and methodological approaches set out in the various papers reviewed, the author (1) proposes the adoption of the novel concept of a “single-industry region”; (2) identifies the criteria for assigning such a designation; (3) calculates the number of such single-industry regions in the Russian Federation; (4) suggests allocation of grants from the federal budget to the respective RF Subjects for improving the socio-economic situation in their single-industry towns; (5) classifies single-industry regions into (a) “balanced socio-economic development”, (b) “an unbalanced and backward economic development”, (c) “an unbalanced and backward social development” and finally (d) “deprived regions that are unbalanced and have very low levels of socio-economic development”.

The author has developed a model for improving the socio-economic development of single-industry regions, whose focus is on a balanced approach to project planning for the socioeconomic development of mono-cities and the efficient allocation of budgetary funds, providing mechanisms for regular and detailed monitoring of the socioeconomic development of mono-cities and allowing the effectiveness of the allocation of budgetary funds to be systematically monitored by introducing a system of grantification aimed at improving the socioeconomic development in mono-cities.

The scientific and practical results of the research will allow the development of theoretical and methodological approaches to improving the socioeconomic development of single-industry towns, facilitating the introduction of the new term “single-industry region” into the academic lexicon.

Keywords: mono-cities, region, single-industry region, improvement, development, criteria, city, financing, grants, efficiency, model, group

Show references

1. Animitsa, E. G., Sbrodova, N. V., Zvorygin, S. G. (2009). Pamyatka po razrabotke i oformleniyu predlozhenij (proektov) po diversifikacii konomiki i social’noj sfery monogoroda [Instructions for the development and executing the proposals (projects) for the diversification of the conomy and the social sphere of the monocity] . Yekaterinburg: Ural State University of Economics, 11
2. Monogoroda: perspektivy razvitiya» na mezhdunarodnoj konferencii «Zarubezhnyj opyt restrukturizacii monogorodov» [Report “Mono-cities: prospects of development” at the international conference “Foreign experience for restructuring of single-industry cities“] (2010). oscow: Minregionrazvitiya Rossijskoj Federacii [Ministry of Regional Development of the Russian Federation].
3. Animitsa, E. G., Bochko, V. S. & Peshina, E. V. (2010). Kontseptual’nye podhody k razrabotke strategii razvitiya monoprofil’nogo goroda [Conceptual approaches to strategic development of a monoprofile town]. Yekaterinburg: Ural state economic university, 81.
4. Problema monogorodov. Puti vyhoda iz tupika. Zasedanie Ekaterinburgskogo otdeleniya Kluba politicheskogo dejstviya “4 noyabrya” [The problem of single-industry towns. Ways to break the deadlock. Meeting of the Ekaterinburg Club of Political Action called “November 4”]. (2009). Retrieved from http://uchebana5.ru/cont/2533292.html
5. Maslova, A. N. (2012). Istoriya social’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya monogorodov Rossii [The history of socio-economic development of ingle-industry cities in Russia]. Retrieved from http://www.allrus.info/main.php?ID=645725
6. Monogoroda: rasselit’ nel’zya diversificirovat’? Analiticheskij doklad Centra regional’nyh ekonomicheskih issledovanij [Single-industry ities: Separation or diversification? Analytical reports of the Center for Strategic Research]. (2009). Ekaterinburg: Ural State University, 13
7. Boyko, E. N. (2013). Sovremennoe sostoyanie razvitiya monogorodov (mirovoj opyt) [The current state of development of single-industry owns (world experience)]. Вісник Одеського національного університету. Економіка [Bulletin of Odessa National University. Economics], 3(1), 47–51.
8. Neklyudova, T. A. (2005). Gorod – gradoobrazuyushchee predpriyatie: social’no – ekonomicheskoe vzaimodejstvie [The city is a city-forming nterprise: Social and economic interaction]. Chelyabinsk: Chelyabinsk State University, 154
9. Lipsica, I. V. (Ed.). (2000). Monoprofil’nye goroda i gradoobrazuyushchie predpriyatiya: baza dannyh o gradoobrazuyushchih predpriyatiyah monogorodah Rossii [Single-industry cities and city-forming enterprises: Database of city-forming enterprises and single-industry towns f Russia]. Moscow: Khronoker publishing house, 254–262.
10. Kryukova, O. G. & Arsenova, N. V. (2010). Vliyanie mirovogo finansovogo krizisa na ekonomiku monogorodov [Influence of he world financial crisis on mono-cities economy]. Effektivnoe krizisnoe upravlenie [Effective crisis management], 1. Retrieved from ttp://www.info.e-c-m.ru/magazine/60/eau_60_13.htm
11. Kokh, I. A. (2009). Tendencii social’nogo razvitiya monoprofil’nyh gorodov s gradoobrazuyushchim predpriyatiem [Social development rends of single-industry towns with the town-forming enterprise]. Voprosy upravleniya [Management issues], 4. Retrieved from ttp://vestnik.uapa.ru/ru/issue/2009/04/10/ -Economy Vol. 3, Issue 1, 2017
12. Ivashina, N. S. & Ulyakina, N. A. (2012). Razvitie monoprofil’nyh gorodov regionov Rossii: problemy i perspektivy [Development of ingle-industry cities in Russia’s regions: Challenges and prospects]. InvestrRegion, 1, 54–59.
13. Leksin, V. N. & Shvetsov, A. N. (2001). Municipal’naya Rossiya: Social’no-ekonomicheskaya situaciya, pravo, statistika [Municipal ussia: Social and economic situation, law, statistics]. T-M: Editorial URSS, T. 1, 468.
14. Bochko, V. S. & Bukin, V. P. (2012). Social’no-ekonomicheskaya emkost’ territorij (soderzhanie i ocenka) [Socio-economic capacity of erritories (content and assessment)]. Ekaterinburg: Institute of Economics of the Ural branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 152
15. Svensson, P., Klofsten, M. & Etzkowitz, H. A. (2010). Knowledge-based Strategy for Renewing a Declining Industrial City: The Norrkoping ay. ERSA, 34
16. Salford Planning Guidance (2008). Retrieved from Salford City Council website: https://www.salford.gov.uk/media/386189/salfordcentral-web-final-2.pdf
17. Rosenfeld, M. T. & Hornych, C. (2007). How to Make a City Attractive for Knowledge-Intensive and Creative Films? The Case of odern Media Industry (MMI) in the City of Halle an der Saale (Germany), ERSA, 26
18. Chernyshova, O. (2013). Ocenka social’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya v modeli operezhayushchego upravleniya [Assessment of ocio-economic development in the model of advanced management]. Sotsial’no-ekonomicheskiye yavleniya i protsessy [Socio-economic henomena and processes], 11, 132–138.
19. Miftakhova, M. E. & Panasyuk, M. V. (2009). Vejvlet-analiz dinamiki regional’noj sistemy [Wavelet analysis of the dynamics of the egional system]. Uchenye zapiski Kazanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Estestvennye nauki [Scientific notes of Kazan State University. eries: Natural Sciences], 151 (1), 247–262.
20. Kondratovich, D. L. & Ul’chenko, M. V. (2013). Metodologicheskie osobennosti opredeleniya vektorov social’no-ekonomicheskogo azvitiya severnogo regiona na osnove analiza nekotoryh indikatorov kachestva zhizni [Methodological features of determining the vectors f social and economic development of the northern region on the basis of analysis of some indicators of the quality of life]. Sovremennye roblemy nauki i obrazovaniya [Modern problems of science and education], 6. Retrieved from http://science-education.ru/113-10806
21. Komarevtseva, O. O. & Ovchinnikova, O. P. (2014). Ocenka effektivnosti deyatel’nosti organov mestnogo samoupravleniya ak glavnyj faktor razvitiya territorii [Assessment of efficiency of local power bodies as the main factor of territories development] / Voprosy upravleniya. Elektronnaya versiya zhurnala [Management issues. The electronic version of the log], 4. Retrieved from ttp://vestnik.uapa.ru/ru/issue/2014/04/06
22. Uskova, T. V. , Voroshilov, N. V. , Gutnikova, E. A. & Kozhevnikov, S. A. (2013). Social’no-ekonomicheskie problemy lokal’nyh territorij: onografija [Socio-economic problems of local territories: Monograph]. Vologda: Institute of Socio-Economic Development of Territories f the Russian Academy of Sciences, 196
23. Andreev, A. A. (2011). Problemy ustojchivogo razvitiya municipal’nyh obrazovanij v postkrizisnyj period [Problems of sustainable evelopment of municipalities in the post-crisis period]. Municipalitet: ekonomika i upravlenie [Municipal economy and management], 1. etrieved from http://municipal.uapa.ru/ru/issue/2011/01/05
24. Lineytseva, L. N. (2006). Integral’naya ocenka urovnya social’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya regionov [Integral assessment of the evel of social and economic development of regions]. Vestnik Tyumenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Bulletin of Tyumen State University], 7, 42–44.
25. Skopina, I. V. & Skopin, O. V. (2010). Indikativnyj, kriterial’nyj i kompleksnyj podhody k ocenke effektivnosti sistemy regional’nogo pravleniya [Indicative, criterial and integrated approaches to evaluating the effectiveness of the regional management]. Upravlenie ekonomicheskimi istemami: elektronnyj nauchnyj zhurnal [Management of economic systems: electronic scholarly journal], 2 (22). Retrieved from ttp://www.uecs.ru/uecs-22-222010/item/173-2011-03-23-08-45-01
26. Ufimtseva, E. V. (2015). Vzaimodejstvie i ocenka razvitiya infrastruktur gorodskogo hozyajstva v aspekte social’no-ekonomicheskih rocessov [Interaction and assessment of the development of urban infrastructure in the aspect of socio-economic processes]. Municipalitet: konomika i upravlenie [Municipal Economy and Management], 1. Retrieved from http://municipal.uapa.ru/ru/issue/2015/01/05

I. I. Rakhmeeva

Pages: 2331
Authors:  I. I. Rakhmeeva — Ural State University of Economics (Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation)
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2017.3.1.003

Download full text

The aim of the study is to elaborate an assessment methodology for local government authorities regarding the quality of implementation of Regulatory Impact Assessment. The compilation of such rating will allow the identification of bottlenecks in the activities of local government authorities as well as best practices in the sphere of regulatory impact assessment. The relevance of research, on the one hand, is contingent upon the lack of methodological insights in the area of regulatory impact assessments at the local level, and, on the other, upon the active introduction of evaluation into municipal administrative practices. The experience of organising regulatory impact assessment at the local level and different approaches to rating formation is analysed in the study. It is shown that borrowing the regional rating methodology is not appropriate for evaluating municipalities. Principles for analysing the quality of evaluations in municipalities that take the specific character of its implementation into account, particularly at the local level, are formulated by the author. In the course of the study, features of regulatory impact assessment application at the municipal level are identified and approaches for monitoring the results of introducing regulatory impact assessment in municipalities are formulated. A system of indicators for the analysis of quality evaluation and expert evaluation by the bodies of local self-government are substantiated by the author along with a set of corrective measures. A method is proposed for the collection of information and formation of a rating on the basis of monitoring data. The formation of a rating of regulatory impact assessment quality on the basis of the author’s original developments allows corrective solutions to be applied in a timely manner and best practices to be replicated at the same time as encouraging the local self-governing bodies to improve assessment quality. The presented approaches and principles can be used by the authorities to develop specific methods for the monitoring of assessment quality at the local level during the initial stage of introducing the institution. With the accumulation of practical experience, improved qualifications on the part of municipal employees and civil society activities, a refinement of the theses formulated by the author will be required as a part of future research.

Keywords: Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA), examination of existing laws, RIA in municipalities, RIA municipality rating, rating methodology, RIA quality, regional economics, municipal economics, municipal law-making, regulatory policy

Show references

1. Impact of Municipal Regulations on SMMEs. Development Policy Research Unit (2006). Cape Town: University of Cape Town, 107
2. Coleman, J. (1990). Constitutional Contractarianism. Constitutional Political Economy, 1 (2), 135–148
3. Coleman, J. (1991). Natural Persons, Corporate Actors, and Constitutions. Constitutional Political Economy, 2 (1), 81–106
4. Bryukhanova, N. V. & Chirkov, M. O. (2014). Pravovoe regulirovanie i metodicheskie podhody k ocenke reguliruyushchego vozdejstviya normativnyh pravovyh aktov subfederal’nogo urovnya: Monografiya [Legal regulation and methodical approaches to the assessment of the regulatory impact of normative legal acts of the sub-federal level: Monograph]. Barnaul: Altajskij gosudarstvennyj universitet [Altai State University], 174
5. Didikin, A. B. (2015). Konstitucionno-pravovye aspekty primeneniya ocenki reguliruyushchego vozdejstviya proektov zakonov: federal’nyj i regional’nyj urovni [Constitutional and legal aspects of the regulatory impact assessment of draft laws: federal and regional levels]. In: Sbornik statej vserossijskoj nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii «Pravovye problemy ukrepleniya rossijskoj gosudarstvennosti» (29–31 yanvarya 2015 g.) [Collection of articles All-Russian scientific-practical conference “Legal problems of strengthening of Russian statehood” (29–31 January 2015)] (pp. 81–82). Tomsk: Izdatel’stvo Tomskogo universiteta [Tomsk State University Press]
6. Kochetkova, S. A. (2016). Opyt vnedreniya sistemy ocenki reguliruyushchego vozdejstviya v sub”ektah RF [Experience of introduction of regulatory impact assessment system in the regions of Russia]. Mezhdunarodnyj zhurnal prikladnyh i fundamental’nyh issledovanij [International Journal of Applied and Basic Research], 11–6, 1154–1157
7. Barkatunov, V. F. & Popov, V. V. (2013). K voprosu ob ocenke reguliruyushchego vozdejstviya normativnyh pravovyh aktov i upravlencheskih reshenij (na primere Kurskoj oblasti) [On the question of regulatory impact assessment regulations and administrative decisions (the Kursk region)]. Municipal’naya sluzhba: pravovye voprosy [Municipal Service: legal issues], 2, 15–18
8. Bykova, A. D. (2015). Analiz primeneniya raschetnyh metodov ocenki reguliruyushchego vozdejstviya na regional’nom urovne [Analysis of the application of computational methods of regulatory impact assessment at the regional level]. Vestnik Kaliningradskogo filiala Sankt-peterburgskogo universiteta MVD Rossii [Bulletin of the Kaliningrad branch of the St. Petersburg University of the Ministry of Interior of Russia], 4 (42), 90–93
9. Sarycheva, N. N. (2016). Ocenka reguliruyushchego vozdejstviya v regionah Rossii. Tekushchaya situaciya i puti razvitiya [Regulatory Impact Assessment in the Russian Regions. Current Situation and Development Trends] Gosudarstvennoe upravlenie. Elektronnyj vestnik [Public Administration. Electronic Bulletin], 56, 168–193.
10. Shestoperov, O. M. & Smirnov, S. V. (2013). O hode vnedreniya ocenki reguliruyushchego vozdejstviya v sub”ektah RF: nekotorye itogi monitoring [On the progress of implementation of regulatory impact assessment in regions of Russia: Some results of the monitoring]. Voprosy gosudarstvennogo i municipal’nogo upravleniya [Questions of state and municipal management], 2, 71−90.
11. Derman, D. O. & Danilova, M. A. (2014). O razrabotke algoritma provedeniya ocenki reguliruyushchego vozdejstviya dlya organov mestnogo samoupravleniya [On the development of an algorithm of regulatory impact assessment for local governments]. Ekonomika Vostoka Rossii [Economy of the East of Russia], 2 (2), 73–78.
12. Didikin, A. B. (2016). Luchshie praktiki primeneniya ocenki reguliruyushchego vozdejstviya v deyatel’nosti organov mestnogo samoupravleniya. Spravochnoe izdanie [Regulatory impact assessment best practice in the activities of local governments. Reference edition]. Novosibirsk: Omega Print, 154.
13. Dolgushin, A. B. (2016). Institucional’nye parametry municipal’noj ocenki reguliruyushchego vozdejstviya, ustanavlivaemye federal’nym i regional’nym zakonodatel’stvom [Institutional settings municipal regulatory impact assessment established by the Federal and Regional legislation]. Municipal’noe pravo [Municipal Law], 2 (74), 29–35
14. Kitck, E. W. (1984). The Intellectual Foundations of Law and Economics. Journal of Legal Education, 184–196.
15. Van den Hauwe, L. (2000). Public Choice, Constitutional Political Economy, and Law and Economics. In: B. Bouckaert and G. DeGeest. (Eds.), Encyclopaedia of Law and Economics (pp. 603–659). Cheltenham, UK: Edgar Elgar

O. O. Komarevtseva

Pages: 3239
Authors:  O. O. Komarevtseva — Srednerussky Institute of Management Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (Orel, Russian Federation)
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2017.3.1.004

Download full text

The purpose of the study is to determine the degree of readiness of urban municipal entities of the Russian Federation for the implementation of Smart City technology. The author proposes a methodology for determining the level of preparedness of cities for the introduction of Smart City technologies, selecting those municipal projects (Smart-projects) most relevant to the present level of readiness and identifying the main barriers to their implementation. The study used structural and graphical analysis methods, overall assessment and ratings as well as the group method of data handling (GMDH). The study yielded the following conclusions: The majority of cities comprising administrative centres of the Subjects of the Russian Federation are not ready for the implementation of Smart City technologies. The main problems hindering the implementation of Smart Technologies are the municipalities’ low energy efficiency and high dependence on borrowed capital. The methodology proposed by the author for assessing the readiness of municipalities for the implementation of Smart City technologies will quickly and optimally identify metropolitan areas suitable for the implementation of Smart-technologies. The eld of application of the obtained results is sufficiently extensive. These results will be of interest to practitioners, representatives of state and local authorities, as well as for researchers in the fields of urban economics and urban studies. The main direction for future research consists in the provision of an underlying rationale for problem solving through launching Smart-projects in depressed and economically stagnating municipalities.

Keywords: smart city technologies, investments, municipal formation, smart projects, urban models, digital economy, innovation, creative technologies, stakeholder, Big Data

Show references

1. Anthopoulos, L., Janssen, M. & Weerakkody, V. (2016). A unified smart city model (USCM) for smart city benchmarking and conceptualization. International Journal of Electronic Government Research, 2, 77–93
2. Barriga, J. K. D., Romero, C. D. G. & Molano, J. I. R. (2016). Proposal of a standard architecture of IOT for Smart Cities. Communications in Computer and Information Science, 620, 77–89
3. De Domenico, M., Arenas, A., Lima, A., González, M. C. (2015). Personalized routing for multitudes in Smart cities. EPJ Data Science, 1, 1–11
4. Khatoun, R. & Zeadally, S. (2016). Smart cities: concepts, architectures, research, opportunities. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 8, 46–57.
5. Medvedev, A., Fedchenkov, P., Zaslavsky, A., Anagnostopoulos, T. & Khoruzhnikov, S. (2015). Waste management as an IOT-enabled service in Smart City. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 9247, 104–115
6. Öberg, C. & Graham, G. (2016). How Smart cities will change supply chain management: a technical viewpoint. Production Planning and Control, 6, 529–538.
7. Baburov, V. A. (2012). Umnye goroda: istorii uspekha [Smart cities: success stories]. Otechestvennye zapiski [Notes of the Fatherland], 3 (48), 48–62.
8. Korolev, A. S. (2015). Smart city: teoriya i praktiki sozdaniya umnogo goroda [Smart city: theory and practice of creating intelligent cities]. Upravlenie gorodom: teoriya i praktika [City management: theory and practice], 4 (19), 19–23.
9. Nikushina, A. N. & Sarafanov, A. D. (2016). Umnyj gorod kak vektor social’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya territorii [The Smart city as a vector of socio-economic development of the territory]. Teoriya i praktika sovremennoj nauki [Theory and practice of modern science], 3 (9), 354–357.
10. Rumyantsev, A. A. (2015). Kak postroit’ umnyj gorod i umnuyu ekonomiku [How to build a smart city and a smart economy]. Sovremennaya nauchnaya mysl’ [Modern scientific thought], 4, 119–129.
11. Sergeev, V. V. (2014). Smart city na open innovations expo [Smart city at the open innovations expo]. Mir izmerenij [The World measurements], 1, 52.
12. Shelton, Т., Zook, М. & Wiig, А. (2015). The ‘Actually Existing Smart City’. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 8, 13–25.
13. Landry, Ch. (2008). The Creative City. A Toolkit for Urban Innovators. 2nd ed. London: Comedia, 85.
14. Danzig, J. & Saaty, T. (1977). Compact city. The project organization of the urban environment. M.: Stroiizdat, 200.

O. P. Kuznetsova, A. A. Kuzmenko, E. A. Yumaev

Pages: 4049
Authors:  O. P. Kuznetsova, A. A. Kuzmenko, E. A. Yumaev — Omsk State Technical University (Omsk, Russian Federation)
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2017.3.1.005

Download full text

In order to diversify the Russian economy, it is necessary to pay great attention to the emerging sectors of the economy; with a systemic approach they are able to reveal their accumulated potential. Authors consider one of such industries to be the sphere of tourism. Russia has its own unique natural-recreational and cultural-historical potential, which is not fully utilized, and it is confirmed with the relevant statistics. The authors propose to accelerate the development of tourism by raising the level of interregional cooperation from the position of using coexisting competition and competitive coexistence in tourist mega-clusters. Due to the lack of financial resources for separate regions for the tourism development, the implementation of this approach is effective, as it allows achieving savings of money due to economies of scale. The phenomena of coexisting competition and competitive coexistence in the tourism sphere presuppose the unification of the different regions authorities’ efforts for the joint implementation of projects. Regions joining forces on the basis of coexisting competition and competitive coexistence within the mega-clusters will allow each administrative-territorial unit to develop and improve its competitive advantage by asking a stimulus to the development of the other participants. This approach makes it possible to obtain other positive effects noted in the study. Thus, findings broaden the knowledge about the phenomena of coexisting competition and competitive coexistence in the regional economy, about mega-clusters as tools for interregional interactions in the tourism sphere.

Keywords: region, tourism, coexisting competition, competitive coexistence, co-operation, competition, cluster, import substitution, tourism infrastructure, economies of scale

Show references

1. Zhichrevich, B. S. (2011). Strategicheskoje planirovanije kak factor stimulirovaniya regionalnoj sotruentsii, [Strategic planning as a factor in stimulating regional cooperation]. Region: ekonomika I sotsiologiya [Region: Economics and Sociology], 1, 3–14.
2. Volkov, S. K., Kublin, I. M. & Morozova, I. A. (2014). Terriorial’ny marketing: opyt rossijskogo rynka turisticheskih uslug [Territorial marketing: experience of the Russian market of tourist services]. Povolzhsky torgovvo-ekonomicheskii zhurnal [Povolzhsky Trade and Economic Magazine], 3 (37), 36–45.
3. Cucculelli, M. & Goffi, G. (2016). Does sustainability enhance tourism destination competitiveness? Evidence from Italian Destinations of Excellence, Journal of Cleaner Production, 111, Part B, 370–382.
4. Perechneva, I. (2015). Tvorit’ I zarabatyvat’ [Create and earn]. Ekspert-Ural [Expert-Ural], 36 (656), 16–18.
5. Nalebuf, B. J., & Brandenburger, A. M. (1997, January). Co-opetition. Long Range Planning, 30, 4, 637–637.
6. Rindfleisch, A. (1998). Co-opetition: by Adam M. Brandenburger and Barry J. Nalebuff, New York, Currency, 1996, 290, International Journal of Research in Marketing, 1, 79–81.
7. Mention, A.-L. (2011) Co-operation and co-opetition as open innovation practices in the service sector: Which influence on innovation novelty? Technovation, 1, 44–53.
8. Bunger, A. C., Collins-Camargo, C., McBeath, B., Chuang, E., Pérez-Jolles, M. & Wells, R. (2014). Collaboration, competition, and co-opetition: Interorganizational dynamics between private child welfare agencies and child serving sectors. Children and Youth Services Review, 38, 113–122.
9. Gnyawali, D. R. & Park, B.-J. R. (2011). Co-opetition between giants: Collaboration with competitors for technological innovation. Research Policy, 5, 650–663.
10. Zhang, J. & Frazier, G. V. (2011). Strategic alliance via co-opetition: Supply chain partnership with a competitor. Decision Support Systems, 4, 853–863
11. Shockley, J. & Fetter, G. (2015). Distribution co-opetition and multi-level inventory management performance: An industry analysis and simulation. Journal of Purchasing and Supply Management, 1, 51–63
12. Wu, J. (2014). Cooperation with competitors and product innovation: Moderating effects of technological capability and alliances with universities. Industrial Marketing Management, 2, 199–209.
13. Pesämaa, O., Pieper, T. M., Silva, R., Black, W. C. & Hair, J. (2013). Trust and reciprocity in building inter-personal and inter-organizational commitment in small business co-operatives. Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management, 2, 81–92
14. Youcheng, W. & Shaul, K. (2008) Destination marketing: competition, cooperation or coopetition? International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 2, 126–141.
15. Vazhenin, S. G. & Vazhenina, I. S. (2013). Konkurentnoje sosuschestvovanije territorii v ekonomicheskom prostranstve [Competitive coexistence of territories in economic space]. Yekaterinburg: Institut ekonomiki Uro RAN [Institute of Economics, Ural Branch of RAS], 2013, 78.
16. Karpova, G. A. & Suschinsky, F. V. (2013). Tendentsii razvitiya konkurentsii mezhdu turisticheskimi destinatsiyami [Trends in the development of competition between tourist destinations]. Izvestiya Sochinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [News of Sochi State University], 3(26), 49–53.

17. Tsvetkov, V. A. (2013). Postsovetskoje prostranstvo: problemy ekonomicheskoi I politicheskoi tselostnosti [The post-Soviet space: the problem of economic and political integrity]. Problemy teorii i praktiki upravleniya [Problems of management theory and practice], 1, 15–24.
18. Tatarkin, A. I. (2013). Konkurentnoe pozicionirovanie regionov i territorij v prostranstvennom razvitii Rossii [Competitive positioning of regions and territories in the spatial development of Russia]. Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Orenburg State University], 8(157), 148–158.
19. Lapochkina, V. V. (2014). Osobennosti ekonomiki vpechatlenij v period konyunkturnyx izmenenij na primere rynka turizma: rossijskij opyt [Features of the economy of impressions in the period of conjuncture changes on the example of the tourism market: the Russian experience]. Servis v Rossii i za rubezhom [Service in Russia and abroad], 9(56), 150–160.
20. Nekipelov, A. D. & Zorin, I. V. (2012). Globalnaya ekonomika i turizm v Rossii [The global economy and tourism in Russia]. Vestnik rossijskoj mezhdunarodnoj akademii turizma [Bulletin of the Russian International Academy of Tourism], 1(4), 30–32.
21. Rzhepka, E. A., Palkin, O. Yu. & Novichkova, T. R. (2015) Turizm v Pribajkayle: geograficheskij, ekonomicheskij i obrazovatelnyj aspekty [Tourism in the Baikal region: geographical, economic and educational aspects]. Izvestiya Irkutskoj gosudarstvennoj ekonomicheskoj akademii [Izvestiya of the Irkutsk State Economic Academy], 25(2), 343–351.
22. Aleksandrova, A. Yu. (2012). Politiko-administrativnye granicy: ot bar’era k turistskomu resursu [Politico-administrative borders: from the barrier to tourist resources]. Vestnik moskovskogo universiteta, Seriya 5: Geografiya [Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 5: Geography], 3, 15–20.
23. Aleksandrova, A. Yu. (2014). Turistskie «lovushki» regionalnogo razvitiya [Tourist “traps” of regional development]. Iniciativy XXI
veka [Initiative of the XXI century], 2, 52–57.

N. V. Usova

Pages: 5058
Authors:  N.V. Usova — Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation)
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2017.3.1.006

Download full text

The subject matter of this article consists in a comparative analysis of key indicators of consumer market development in major cities of various Subjects of the Russian Federation, which are located in the same macro-region, taking the first three places in the regional hierarchy according to the population of the RF Subject territory, comprising the centres of large urban agglomerations and making a significant contribution to the formation of regional indicators of socio-economic development. The article is based on Federal State Statistics Service data on three RF Subjects namely, Perm Krai, Sverdlovsk and Chelyabinsk regions covering the period from 2007 to 2015. The study is based on the analysis, classification and systematisation of the information of theoretical sources and statistical data relating to the study, as well as on the presentation of the author’s approaches and conclusions. Thus, within the framework of the research, the author considers different theoretical approaches to the consumer market and proposes a definition for the consumer market of a major city, taking into account the specifics of its functioning as an element of the economy of the city. With regard to the identification of development trends, in the framework of the study, new indices have been applied, such as “index of concentration of stationary retail establishments”, “index of concentration of non-stationary retail establishments”, “index of concentration of public canteens, snack bars”, “index of concentration of canteens owned by the educational institutions, organisations, industrial enterprises” and “index of concentration of restaurants, cafes, bars”. These indices characterise the degree of concentration of different types of retail establishments and catering establishments within a defined territory. According to the research, all cities included in the scope of the study have been grouped according to the identified consumer market development trends. The author has also developed a number of recommendations for the public authorities and local governments for improving the consumer markets of studied cities.

Keywords: consumer market, development trends and priorities, marketing approach, retail establishments, catering establishments, major city, comparative analysis, agglomeration, retail trade, trade centres, concentration, index of concentration

Show references

1. Animitsa, E. G., Vlasova, N. Y., Dvoryadkina, E. B. & Novikova, N. V. (2004). Transformaciya social’no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya goroda: finansovo-byudzhetnyj aspekt [The transformation of socio-economic development of the city’s fiscal aspect]. Ekaterinburg: Ural State University of Economics, 129.
2. Knyazeva, I. V. & Shevtsova, E. V. (2007). Marketing territorij [Marketing of territories]. Novosibirsk: Siberian Academy of Public Administration, 200.
3. Kramarev, A. N. (2008). Sovershenstvovanie mekhanizma koordinacii potrebitel’skogo rynka [Consumer market coordination mechanism improvement]. Economics and Management, 3(35), 40–45.
4. Cheglov, V. V. (2011). Setevye struktury v biznese: konceptual’nye i organizacionno-pravovye aspekty razvitiya [Chain business structures: conceptual and regulatory aspects of development]. Vestnik of the Russian State University of Trade and Economy, 7–8(56), 124–133.
5. Shabanova, L. B. (2007). Marketing na potrebitel’skom rynke Rossii [Theory and methodology of studies of local markets for goods and services]. Tambov: Tambov state University, 195.
6. Novoselov, А. S. (1999). Regional’nye rynki [Regional markets]. M.: Infra-М, 480.
7. Armstrong, H. & Taylor, J. (1993). Regional Economics and Policy. Harvester Wheatsheaf: New York, 448.
8. Blakely, E. J. (1994). Planning local economic development: Theory and practice. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage., 343.
9. Kotler, P. (2003). Marketing menedzhment. In Russian [Marketing management: trans. from English]. SPb.: Piter, 749
10. Glaeser, E. (2011). Triumph of the City. New York. NY: The Penguin Press, 352.
11. Hall, P. (1995). Planning Strategies for Cities and Region. Town and City Planning, 5–6, 139–142.
12. Porter, M. E. (1980). Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors. New York: Free Press, 397.
13. Stanilov, K. & Scheer, B. (Eds.). (2004). Suburban form: An international perspective. London: Routledge. 272.
14. Smith, W. R. (1956). Product Differentiation and Market Segmentation as Alternative Marketing Strategies. Journal of Marketing, 21 (July), 3–8.
15. Ward, S. (1998). Selling Places. The Marketing and Promotion of Towns and Cities 1850–2000. London and New York: Spon Press, 288.
16. Alekhin, E. V. (2007). Regional’naya ekonomika i upravlenie [Regional economy and management]. Penza: Penz. state University, 98.
17. Inevatova, О. А. (2010). Social’no-ekonomicheskie osobennosti razvitiya regional’nogo potrebitel’skogo rynka [Social-economic peculiarities of regional consumers market development]. Vestnik OGU [Bulletin of the Orenburg State University], 2(108), 67–71.
18. Tsvetkova, G. S.(2010). K voprosu o pozicionirovanii lokal’nogo rynka [To the question of positioning of the local market]. Vestnik OGU [Bulletin of the Orenburg State University], 8(114), 148–153.
19. Gutman, G. V., Miroedov, A. A. & Fedin, S.V. (2001). Upravlenie regional’noj ekonomikoj [Management of regional economies]. M.: Finance and statistics, 175.
20. Hodirevskaya, V. N. & Krivoshlykov, V. C. (2009). O roli i meste lokal’nyh rynkov v ekonomike regiona [On the role of local markets
in the region’s economy]. Vestnik of Kursk state agricultural Academy, 5, 29–33
21. Novicova, N.V. (2012) Ponyatijno-terminologicheskij apparat issledovaniya lokal’nogo potrebitel’skogo rynka [Сonceptual and terminological framework of the local consumer market research]. Municipality: economics and management, 1(2), 23–29.
22. Turgel, I. D. & Usova, N. V. (2011). Tendencii i problemy razvitiya roznichnoj torgovli v krupnyh gorodah Ural’skogo regiona [Trends and development problems of retailing in big cities of the Urals region]. Nauchnmiy vestnik Uralskoy akademiyi gosudarstvennoy sluzhby, 1(14), 29–36.
23. Turgel, I. D. (Ed.). (2004). Upravlenie social’no-ekonomicheskim razvitiem sovremennogo goroda [The management of socio-economic development of the modern city]. Ekaterinburg: Izd. UrAGS, 184.
24. Turgel, I. D. (2010). Monofunkcional’nye goroda Rossii: ot vyzhivaniya k ustojchivomu razvitiyu [Monofunctional cities of Russia: from survival to steady development]. Ekaterinburg, 520.

I. M. Golova, A. F. Sukhovey, N. L. Nikulina

Pages: 59—67
Authors:  I.M. Golova, A. F. Sukhovey, N. L. Nikulina — Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of RAS (Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation)
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2017.3.1.007

Download full text

The article provides a comparative analysis of innovative and technological development in Russia and other countries. The paper shows that the innovation sector of the Russian Federation lags behind most developed and developing countries: Russia has almost left the market of high technologies, the main expenditures on innovations are incurred in the sectors of low and medium technology industries; the self-sufficiency in the Russian economy in a number of key types of manufacturing equipment is significantly below the threshold marks determined by national security requirements. The authors describe the differentiation of innovative development in the Russian regions. The study of Russian innovation space has revealed that there are fairly intensive processes of science decay on the periphery, which causes serious problems for the spread of innovative impulses across the country. The article elaborates the methodology for comprehensive assessment of innovative security in the region and presents the relevant calculations for the regions of the Ural Federal District (UFD). It identifies the factors of innovative sustainability that are the most critical for these regions. The authors present the forecast and built long-term forecast trajectories for the level of innovative security in UFD by using the modernized Hurst method. They define the main barriers to the innovative development of Russian regions. The article presents the methodological approaches to substantiating the priority areas for building the innovative systems of regions by taking into account the characteristics of their science and manufacturing complexes. The authors propose a methodology to formally assess the priority of establishing in the region the centers of innovative activity aimed at supporting the competitiveness of industries with different levels of technology intensity. The paper presents the results of calculations with regard to priority of establishing the centers of innovative activity aimed at supporting the development of industries with different level of technology intensity using the example of UFD, one of the leading Russian regions in terms of innovation and production capacity.

Keywords: innovative sustainability, innovative and technological development, innovative security of the region, innovation system, innovation capacity, innovation development strategy, innovation centers, priorities of innovative activity, high-tech industries, medium-tech industries, low-tech industries

Show references

1. Innovations in Nanotechnology at the NSECs and NNIN. Highlights of Achievements (2011, June). National Science Foundation. Retrieved from: www.cein.ucla.edu/PDFs/NSF-report-NSEC-NNIN-June-2011.pdf (date of access: 01.04.2016).
2. Gribkov, A., Zakharchenko, D. & Kornienko, A. (2013). Konkurentosposobnost stankostroeniya Rossii. In Russian [Competitiveness of Russian machine-tool industry]. Voprosy ekonomiki [Questions of economics], 4, 126–137.
3. Filatov, V. I. (2015). Importozameshchenie i formirovanie novoy modeli ekonomicheskogo rosta rossiyskoy ekonomiki. In Russian [Import substitution and formation of new model of economic growth in the Russian economy]. Vestnik Instituta ekonomiki Rossiyskoy akademii nauk [Bulletin of the Institute of Economics of RAS], 2, 76–85.
4. Kuklin, A. A., Romanova, O. A. & Sukhovey, A. F. (Eds). (2016). Innovatsionno-tekhnologicheskoye razvitie regiona. In Russian [Innovative and technological development of the region]. Ekaterinburg: Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of RAS, 216.
5. Kuklin, A. A., Bagaryakov, A. V., Nikulina, N. L. & Boyarskikh, A. I. (2013). Metodika diagnostiki innovatsionnoy bezopasnosti regiona. In Russian [Methodology for diagnostics of innovative security of the region]. In: V.P. Chichkanov, A.A. Kuklina (Eds). Ekaterinburg: Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of RAS, 83.
6. Bystray, G. P., Korshunov, L. A., Lykov, I. A., Nikulina, N. L. & Okhotnikov, S. A. (2010). Metody nelineynoy dinamiki v analize i prognozirovanii ekonomicheskikh sistem regionalnogo urovnya. In Russian [Methods of nonlinear dynamics in analysis and forecasting of economic systems at the regional level]. Zhurnal ekonomicheskoy teorii [Journal of economic theory], 3, 104–114.
7. Freeman, C. (1987). Technology Policy and Economic Performance. Leningrad: Pinter Publishers, 156.
8. Glazyev, S. Yu. & Kharitonov, V. V. (Eds). (2009). Nanotekhnologii kak klyuchevoy faktor novogo tekhnologicheskogo uklada v ekonomike. In Russian [Nanotechnology as the key factor of the new techno-economic paradigm in economy]. Moscow: Trovant Publ., 304.
9. Kablov, E. (2016). Shestoy tekhnologicheskiy uklad. In Russian [Sixth technological way]. Nauka i zhizn [Science and life], 5. Retrieved from: http://www.nkj.ru/archive/articles/17800/ (date of access: 05.05.2016).
10. Itskovits, G. (2010). Troynaya spiral. Universitety — predpriyatiya — gosudarstvo. Innovatsii v deystvii: per. s angl. In Russian [Triple helix. University-industry-government. Innovation in action: trans. from English]. Tomsk: Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics Publ., 238.
11. Tatarkin, A. I. & Kuklin, A. A. (2009). Kachestvo zhizni — indikator ustoychivogo razvitiya regionov. In Russian [Life quality as an indicator of the regions’ sustainable development]. Uroven zhizni naseleniya regionov Rossii [Level of living of the population of Russian regions], 8–9, 25–34.
12. The Global Competitiveness Report. 2014–2015 (2014). World Economic Forum. Geneva, Switzerland, 565.
13. Innovation Union Scoreboard (2013). European Union, Belgium, 80.
14. Golova, I. M. (2013). Metodologicheskie problemy obosnovaniya regionalnykh prioritetov innovatsionnogo razvitiya. In Russian [Methodological problems of substantiating the regional priorities of innovation development]. Ekonomika regiona [Economy of Region], 2, 145–156.
15. Sukhovey, A. F. (2014). Innovatsionnaya infrastruktura kak drayver sotsialno-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya. Mirovoy i otechestvennyy opyt. In Russian [Innovative infrastructure as a driver of socio-economic development. Global and Russian experience]. Ekonomicheskiy analiz. Teoriya i praktika [Economic analysis. Theory and practice], 45, 11–20.

G. E. Zborovsky, P. A. Ambarova

Pages: 68—75
Authors:  G.E. Zborovsky, P.A. Ambarova — Ural Federal University (Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation)
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.15826/recon.2017.3.1.008

Download full text

The subject matter of the analysis is the non-linear characteristics of the new model of higher education in relation to its resources and risk environment. The purpose of this article is to prove the need and the possibility of transition to the non-linear model of higher education in the region on the basis of theoretical positions and the results of the study of non-linear socio-economic processes. In this connection, the socio-economic factors of such transition are characterized; the objective necessity of its implementation in the context of the economic and social uncertainty of a particular region, which is Ural Federal District, is shown. A new type of relationship between universities and their social partners is considered. The need for the change of interactions between educational communities; reliance on the use of a new wide range of economic, social and spiritual resources; the constant search for new mechanisms, educational programs, relations with the external environment, management decisions are argued. Ural Federal District is shown as one of the most advanced regions of the Russian Federation not only in the sphere of the economy, social and cultural life, but also in the sphere of higher education. This circumstance is related to the constant, intensive search for innovative approaches to the modernization of higher education in the region, including the formation of its non-linear model. The presented situation forms the basis of the hypothesis that the non-linear model of higher education can ensure its competitiveness in the global educational space, to enhance its role in the society and specific regions of the country and to turn it to a locomotive of the socio-economic and socio-cultural development. The study is based on an interdisciplinary methodology, including the potential of theoretical sociology, sociology of education, economic sociology, management theory, regional economy. The findings of the research serve as the basis for improving the educational pol- icy of the Ural Federal District.

Keywords: social and economic uncertainty, risks, challenges, vulnerabilities, non-linear economic processes, non-linear model of higher education, regional economy, the region’s system of higher education, social partnership in education, educational communities

Show references

1. Koksharov, V. A. (2014) Otsenka razvitiya sistemy vysshego obrazovaniya v Rossii [Development Dynamics of the higher education system in Russia]. Ekonomika regiona [Economy of Region], 4, 30–44.
2. Chislennost obuchayushchikhsya, pedagogicheskogo i professorsko-prepodavatelskogo personala, chislo obrazovatelnykh organizatsiy Rossiiskoy Federatsii. (Prognoz do 2020 goda i otsenka tendentsii do 2030 goda) [The number of students, pedagogical and teaching staff, the number of educational institutions of the Russian Federation. (Forecast up to 2020 and the assessment of trends up to 2030)]. Institute of sociology
of the Russian Academy of Sciences Publ., 288.
3. Tatarkin, A. I. (2016) Regionalnaya napravlennost ekonomicheskoy politiki Rossiiskoy Federatsii kak instituta prostranstvennogo obustroystva territorii Regional targeting of the economic policy of the Russian Federation as an institution of regional spatial development]. Ekonomika regiona [Economy of Region], 1, 9–27.
4. Pfeffer, J. & Salancik, G. (2003). The external control of organizations: A resource dependence perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 336.
5. Freeman, R. E. & Moutchnik, A. (2013). Stakeholder management and CSR: questions and answers. Umwelt Wirtschafts Forum, Springer Verlag, 21(1), 5–9.
6. Huisman, J., Meek, L. & Wood, F. (2007). Institutional diversity in higher education: A cross-national and longitudinal analysis. Higher Education, Quarterly 61, 563–577.
7. David, P. A. (2000). Path dependence, its critics and the quest for ‘historical economics’. Stanford, CA: Economics Department. Working Paper № 00-011.2000.
8. Robertson, S. & Dale, R. (2015). Critical cultural political economy of the globalisation of education. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 13, 149–170.
9. Steiner-Khamsi, G. (2010). The Politics and Economics of Comparison. CIES 2012 Presidential Address. Comparative Education Review, 54, 323–342.
10. Sidhu, R. K. & Christie, P. (2015). Transnational higher education as a gybrid global/local space: A case study of a Malaysian-Australian joint venture. Journal of Sociology, 51(2), 299–316.
11. Antikainen, A., Dworkin, G., Saha, L., Ballantine, J., Essack, S., Teodoro, A. & Konstantinovskiy, D. Current Issues in the Sociology of Education. International Journal of Contemporary Sociology, 48, 117–147.
12. Salmi, D. & Frumin, I. D. (2013). Kak gosudarstva dobivayutsa mezhdunarodnoy konkurentosposobnosti universitetov: uroki dlya Rossii [How do states achieve international competitiveness of universities: Lessons for Russia]. Voprosy obrazovanija [Education Issues], 1, 25–68.
13. Konstantinovskiy, D. L. (2011). Fenomen neravenstva v sfere otechestvennogo obrazovaniya [The phenomenon of inequalities in Russian education]. Sociologiya obrazovaniya [Sociology of education], 9, 22–44.
14. Kljucharev, G. A. (2013). Nepreryvnoye obrazovanie v kontekste globalizatsii i poiskov identichnostey [Continuing education in the context of globalization and the search for identity]. Gumanitariy Juga Rossii [Humanitarians of Southern Russia], 3, 111–116.
15. Abankina, I. V., Nikolaenko, E. A. & Filatova, L. M. (2012) Strukturnaya dinamika vuzov Rossii: ekonomicheskiy aspekt [Structural dynamics of Russian universities: the economic aspect]. XII Mezhdunarodnaya nauchnaya konferentsiya po problemam razvitiya ekonomiki i obshchestva [XII International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development, 2. Moskow: Research University — High School of Economics Publ., 343–350.